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.

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: 1/3

, , , ,

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.

.

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.

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.

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.

. -

.

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.

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. 19

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.

, 90% .

.

.

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.

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.

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.

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:

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. 25 . .

. .

2.

2.1.

:

1. -: ( , , -

)

.

2. - ( ),

, 1/5 1/6 ,

1/4 .

,

,

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( ),

.

3. - ( , )

(2/5 )

, .

4.

. , 17%

, 1% .

(, , ,

, )

.

( ).

.

2.2.

90- .

5- , ,

. ( 2000 .

450 . .) 14- .[1]

.

, 3% ,

12% 64% (20%

, ).

, .

,

7% ,

, .

2.3. .

- ?

90- . 1999 .

185.8 . .,[2] 1990 . .

( )

1990 1998 . 98.4%, 7.9% , 2.1

(3.7%).

: , ,

(, ,

) . ,

1998 .

. ,

1990-1997 . 136%

, 64%.

( 84%), ( 58%)

( 31%) ( 1.3 1.5 ) .

,

, .

,

80%, 32% (

1). 1998 ., , 9 10

. ,

. 1998 . 45%

.

: 9.8 . .; 7.6;

4; 3.5; 3.4; 3; 2.9;

, , 2.9; 1.7;

1.6 . ..[3]

.

. 1998

. : 6.5 . .;

4.4; 3.3; 3.2;

2.9;

2.4; 2.3; , ,

2.2; 2.2; 2.1 . .

90-

. 50-

ooo 80% apoo copa,

pe 50% ee aao a epc. He e o oaae pae 25%. B o e

pe aoao pooce cope yeac o epao

. Ha ee pxoc o 30% oap-oo copa, Oao 90-e

o c c oepea poco oa poex oapo o

epaoo cp cope ae caec (0 16.4% 1990 . o 12.9

1998 .). ecoo oac o epoocee 17% po 18.9%.

B cope poeo poy o oe o ea poca

npeoaa oap coo opao, a 1990-1998 . x o ye-c

oee e a 140%, oe oepe oca a pay poex oapo

poco opao, poy coo opao ae eca po

cep oapo, x poo oocee cope p, a

cpee ee. Kpyea ca oa eoe aoo

cocae oo 7% copo poy coo opao, pye ca

- o ceae poee a ac , a a

epec poe, pae aapa, oopcoe oopyoae

cea exa, eae, poeccoae aye epee

pop.

o ooa poeo poy coo opao coppyec

opaeoe co ooec pax cpa: Hoy ea, CA,

oo, Cayp, A o. B 1988-1998 . peaa ao

poy a pax x cpa poca cpee a 10% o.

Cee o cope cecoxoceo epao poy

o e oaae ecoo oea ca, ocoeo o

eoop a oapo, Ta, 1993-1998 . cop e opaca a

15.7% o, xoa a 19.5, cpa opoa a 13.5, e a 21.6%.

pee cy paoo acoc Acpa o

cecoxoceoo copa ee ae oxo eca eca

-a acx ee oyp a pox pax. epca oa

o ca opae e yoc copo a.

a opo apepo Acpa eeo ec o, B 1998

. oapooopo ey oeac 30.7 p. o, 17% ce

opo Acpa. Topo c oe oeceaa e caoe pyoe

ooeoe cao 4.1 p, o, Beye ca acpacoro

copa o - yo (4.1 p. o, eea pya (1.8 p),

oa (1.3 p) a (1.3 p, o.) B o ayac

a opao eoe (3.6 p, o.) pyoe aoa (1.6

p.) aac x (880 .) oep (610 , o.)

Bopo o aoc opae CA, B 1998 . oapooopo ey

coca 30.1 p, o, oca CA oc 8.5 p, o., 10%

ceo copa, Oya e caa aea ac opa,

oeaeoc 21.6 p. o. B oproe CA Acpa ee ca

py e 13.1 p. o. ae oap, ocaee CA (1998

., , o.): eoeapoe ooo 785, oa - 750, cpa e -

485, caoe, epoe aac - 375. Beye ca opa

CA - caoe epoe (2 p. o.), oep (1.1 p.) aac

oepa (831 .), eoeapoe ooo (757 , o.).

B 1998 . peo opoco aee A a opooo apepa

Acpa, Oa a a 3-e eco, oa a 1997 . a a 6-

(, ceye oy oa o epyac a 6-e eco). Oe ao

opo coca 10.5 p. o., 6% ce acpaco opo,

Beye ca copa A 1998 . eoeapoe ooo,

aooe a, yo eea pya, a oapa, ocya

A, eae, eaa poy, eoe aoa

reeoyaooe oopyoae. Papoa epx ec cpa

opaeo Acpa o eeooec c pecaea ae

2.

Hecop a aee ee opo ooeco

Acpa, ee yace poo poe ce ee ooo opaeo (

1997 . 1.1%). B peyae oa o e e a oppoae pox

e a cee ex eox o poy, o oop ec a

pooee.

ee copo-opx eax oaa ooe e a

opo aac cpa. B 1998 . e a ee copy poy opoc

a 3%, a a opy oc a 6%. Bcece oo yco opo

(coooee copx opx e) yxyc a 3%. B 1997 .

ooee o . Toa yco opo, aoopo, yyc a 3%.

Cpaa cyeceo paa o epaa eyapoo opo.

pyac pay oo e oc aex oce

poe a ee p ax ceco-xocex oapo, a

oa, apaa epo, a ae pooo pya poex e. O

ae oo e cea epe a oac epaa opo

ycya. Moocopo epaa a oepaa oocopo

ec o oac cocex cpa. Ta, Maa cpee o

a 1988-1997 . cc c 27 o 19%, a ax a 1988-1998 . c

28 o 11 Kae a 1992-1998 . c 43 o 18%.

cope ycex Acpa aeo cee occ

a coceco c peoo Bocoo o-Bocoo A, oop

eee ecox ece o o acooo pca cepe 1997

. paac aoee co ea pye (e 50%)

opeee acpacoo copa. Ce ec ocox opepo

acpacx oapo o eo cpa Bocoo o-Bocoo A,

aco pc oo yap o Acpa. B 1998/99 . o cpae c

1997/98 . ee oap cop peo ya a 7% o 44.1 p. o.

aec pooo copaee ocao a ce ec ocox po,

Bpoc cop Ka, a Taa.[4]

B eec ocaoe oepae ooecoo poca aceo o

cocooc Acpa a oe pacp cape p. o e

yaoc. B 1996-1998 . peo yec cop Ceepy Aepy

Epoy, a ae a Boco, Apy acy Aepy. B 1998/99

. o cpae c 1996/97 . y A a Boco o eeo

poy cooeceo a 27 22% oe, a a p o Aep

Ap a 18 8% oe. Xo Acpa o cpaeo ae

p, poce poc opaae oc ee copepo.

Oeo, oao, o acoc copa Acpa o ooeco

cya Bocoo o-Bocoo A oo epe coxpaec,

ceoe occaoee yco ooec poc peoa ca

e aopo oeo yee copa Acpa ypee ee

oo. eec ae oop o o, o occaoee peoa ye

aaoc, e oce oepe aoap yaea peopa pe

cpa peoa.

C oo eyapox acox ypee, ocoeo MB

ocyapc-oopo, a Acpa, eoope eyx cpa ATP

pcy epecpoe acooo ceopa, yy ypaee

oa ye e aoeoc, o ec ac peee ex

poe, oope epy oepe oyco yy pca, oco

cpa ae peo epaoa paa paee apyex ec.

ocee ae ceecy, o acpac cop peo

ye yeaec, B 1999/00 . . (oop aaec 1 ) cop

oapo ycy oc a 12%. Haoee aeo a 16% poc

o ececoxocex pox oapo. cop

cecoxoceo poy ycy opoc a 8%. Poc oa coca

(%): o 13, y Kope 21, Taa 12, oo 4, KHP 26,

CA 20, EC 4.

B eo cop Bocoy o-Bocoy A yec a 17%, a

pye cpa a 9%.[5] oy aopcoao eoopoe cee ypca

acpacoo oapa opeeeoe oee pox oapx e

peyae yye oyp.

4.

- ,

120-170 . .,

. 2001 . 141,5 . .,

10,3 . .

. 450 .

. 1990 .

.

1973 . -

- (). 1984 .

Д,

Ô. 1996 .

- 100

.

-

. 6 2000 . C

. 23 2001 .

- ..

, . C

,

(- ).

,

,

.

.

.

2.5. .

cp poc ee opo Acpa a ocee o

copooaec ae yeee ee ex px aaooe.

B 1997/98 . . x oe coca 6.4 p. o. o cpae c 5.7

p. o. 1996/97 , . Ha 30 1998 . oe paep ex

px ec oc 90.6 p. o. paa, a 40% ee

oea ocpax ec cao Acpa. Xapaepo, oao, o a

oceee ecee ee cocee pe ec a pyeo o ea

ppoca ( cpee 11.4% ) oepea oe ocpax px

aaooe ooy cpa.[6]

o eaeo pee acpace apyee ec paeac

a opao CA, A Hoo ea, opaa coec

paoe opoe ooece c. o oce a, a 30

1997 . a o A pxooc 20.7 p. o. (31% ex

ec CA - 19.6 p. (29%), Hoo ea -7.1 p. o. (10%).

Oao c ycee opox ce c aac peoo opoc ec

pee ceo ooe ( 5.7 p. o.), Caype (1.2 p.)

oe (0.8 p. o.).[7]

Bee pe ec a aoe eco cpae ox

acpacx p. Cee opox apepo, oce exoo

opoca oypeococooc oya x apoa ecoy

eeoc a pyeo. Opac a co oypee peyeca, o

y oe p, ye co cp pao c oee

epa pooca.

Opoc p, cax c eeooeco eeoc, oaa

ceye o, oyae apye aaooe: apa

oooce poca, oee oypeococooc; oeceee yco

epe a oe p, ocy oao pepaeco

ccee.

Ao ecy a pyeo acpace a, ocoeo a AH,

yopy a peea Acpa Hoo ea pepo 40

cpaax. o pye oxooeaco peoe a ee opy

ce ao, oeceax peoae opo pyx oepecx

oepa. Aoe pcyce ocox pox acox epax,

pecaeca a pyx ex pax oepa apy. epe y

opy ce AH oeceae pee ceo aoce ycy o

oepa eeoc cox acpacx ooeacx eo.

Haxoac aao Acpa caac eca peyceae

eepa cpoea oa a p ooa aao

pacpe cox eyapox ce oee 30 e aa. o ooa

oxoo oa ocyae -a pa. Hapy c aoee py

ec oecy oep oa T epc T Ka

pacoaae aa yae, Hope, acae, aya Hoo ee,

Caype, Taae A.

Ka ceapyec a papaoe yooox ex aox

ecopoe. , oa oa yacoaa cpoece oeo

a pyeo, oa ceoaa ya a py acpac ea. Teep

e aea ac ee pao ocyecec o aaa pyx

eyapox oa, o 2/3 oea ax pao pooc a ee

coce ce. Heao pa paa eep a poeee ee-

aopapaoo Kaae Ceepo ope.

Koa Hop, oa ee XIX ., oae eey pyy, ypa,

e ooo, a ae ee ope ecopapao Acpa, ee

py o oe a e, papaaae ae eeo py

Kaae, eo py ooa Apee, yacye ocax eaecx

py a pae. Ooo 25% paeaeo e aoepoo aaa

axoc a peea Acpa. Oepa Hop a acpac

ceaca oooc, paoa a pyeo, popea e o.

Koa ee popay oea ceaca, acoc co ee

Kaao.

Koa B poyoy, aa paeaeo ece

ype, c aaa 90-x oo aeo pacpa co oepa o

opoay apyex cpaax, ocoy cao Acpa

oooc . Koa ocyeca ec oycp 17

cpa, o ce A Epoe, a ae Apee Hoo ea.

ac cox pe oa oyae Acpa, o paccae

ae o oya x ocoo -a pa.

Koa ex opace poeoc, oope oepac cpyyp

ee, aacy aey ac coe eeoc epeopepy

a apyee cpa, ocoy pooee cox oepa Acpa

ca eae eo. Oao o e oaae ooo pepae

aoc cao Acpa. aco oee eee pooca epeeac

a pay, a oee opoocoe ocac cpae. Hepeo

epeapoae a pye coae yco epe pye cep

eeoc cao Acpa.

ye ep ec pyee oae o poocy

pooocex oapo e oo Acpa, o o ce

acpaoaaco peoe. Cpec opec eyapo xapaep, oa

paepya co poocey opoo-pacpeeey ce oee e

40 cpaax. Oeo, o e poo epaoaa coe

eeoc oa e oac ex ycexo.

Bopacaee cooae epoo oep epea ooe

acpac pa, ecpy co aa a pae, coxpa

eoope eeoc Acpa. Hapep, acpa

aaepc op. ee co pep oe, Maa, CA

Beae. opaooo epa Acpa epcoa peae poe

e acoc o oo, e o o.

Bao po ec acpacx p a pyeo c e

oo opeoc ocaax cooaeceo poy ocya

p ee cooa, o coae ycoo poo ce. o ocoeo

oocc oee coo exooec epeoo .

AHKA - , opepoaa oe pa, pooa a aoe

Meype cooaecee eaopeye . Ee cop opoc

pepo c 30% oea pooca 1991 . o o 100% acoee

pe. Koa ocyece opoocoe oca ocyae

oopyoa o pa, epa, A CA.

pooee acpacx p a pay aco oeae

cpaeec co c apye pa. Ooe pocpac o

eopax coae o peypx eox cx o oca ooopo

ey pa o aooo coeco eeoc. peaa

eoopx pyx opox poeo (apep, opooae

poeoc pacpyype) opayc ca. ocee aco

pea eoope oee ee cpee o paepa acpace

p acoo yac poee, o a pyx ycox o

x eooo.

Beca a ye ca pooa opaca o coe aoc

ee acpace ec eeya aa. Hoe

exoo poecc oaa cepee opao a epeay

a a paccoe, ocoeo c oo epea. Acpace yee

aee, pee ceo ce, coy opaec oooc,

ecpy co eeya aa apyee yee aee

ye opaa coecx pep.

O aoee ax o pae copa eeyaoo

aaa ec Moac yepce (. Meyp), ca py y

Acpa, oop opaye poo yee ypc a pae. K 2003

. o aepeaec coa oay ce oye, paccay a ce

ax popa. apyee ec yepcea aee a o, o

cea eo po oye pooo ypo. peoaaec

cooa cay oce opaoaey opaoy exoo,

opac p o a ce epo, o ce ypeex coeco c

py ye aee.

Co ep yepcec opoo e Acpa Moac yepce

ocoa coe Maa Kyaa yype. Eo coae cao c aepee

aacoo paeca peo o opaoae ypoe acee

cpa. Moac yepce co coe copo peceoa e

opaoa oo eyapo ep oye

ayocceoaeco pao.

epce oo Kcea (. Taya) ec po epo o

opaa ceo opaoa a pacco. oee 2/3 cex eo

cyeo, a eo ce 3 c. o cye, poae a peea

Acpa 17 cpaax. pe cyeo opaoa ye poecc

ooa c c apye ye aee.

epce ap Cp ee xopoo opaoae yee ep

Aap-Booa, axepce, ao Baa-Bara. O ae peaae ycy c

oo epea acpac apye . ocee

peac yee o eocpeceo ca yepceo, o epe

yeoe aeee (oe yepce) x coceo cpae.

epce ap Cp co ocoy aay pacpe popa

oye Acpa a ee peea c oo cce epea

ycaoe oee ecx ooe c apye ye ypee.

3.

pecae oop ceecye o cepex cax cpyype

acpaco oo aeo yce ee o a poo

ooeco apee ocee ece XX . o cyecy Acpa e

yyca oo oooc, opaec c c oaae

poo oo oppoae ee ox, opaox ep.

-----------------------

[1] Press Release. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 03.08.2000

[2] , ,

[3] Composition of Trade Australia 1998. Department of Foreign Affairs

and Trade. June 1999. P. 5-7.

[4] Trade Winds? Briefing for business. December 1999.

Departme???????????????????? ?????????????

??????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????nt of Foreign

Affairs and Trade. P. 25.

[5] Press Release, 31.07.2000

[6] Foreign Direct Investment: the Benefits for Australia. Canberra,

1999. P. 36.

[7] Ibid. P. 37.




2009 .