:

: :




-



:






: -52

. .

: . .






2002 .



. .


- , .

, .

- , .

, .

-280

95

205

357

10,5

III

-5320

85














































.

.4

1. υ.5

1.1.   Ѕ5

1.2.   - 酅.6

1.2.1.           - 녅6

1.2.2.           - 䅅..7

1.2.3.           - 酅..8

1.2.4.           - 酅.8

1.2.5.           充.....9

1.3.   ...9

1.3.1.           Ѕ9

1.3.2.           Ѕ10

1.4.   셅.11

1.5.   .13

2.        , ⅅ15

2.1.   酅15

2.1.1.           ΅15

2.1.2.           ...16

2.1.3.           ..17

2.1.4.           ΅..18

2.1.5.           ....19

2.1.6.           - υ...19

2.2.   υ.20

2.2.1.           Ѕ.....20

2.2.2.           ⅅ..20

2.2.3.           酅22

2.2.3.1.      ⅅ...22

2.2.3.2.      텅.23

2.2.3.3.      ⅅ..24

2.2.4.           .25

2.2.5.           - 酅.26

3.        28

4.        . 30

5.        - ...32

充 .34

35



















 


, , , , . , , , , , .

, .

, .

:

- , , ;

- , ;

- ;

- - , .


















1.



: , , - , .



1.1.        



-1 -2, , , : I , , .

, L=L (L- ) -1 -2 Li , - k1; - k2; - k3, . .:


L′= L() k1k2k3 , (1.1)


L()- , .

[ ], : -280 k1=0,8; k2=1; k3=1; L()=400000 .; -5320 - k1=0,8; k2=1; k3=1; L()=300000 .

L :

L =4000000,811=320000 ;

L =3000000,811=240000 .

() , .:


= L/lcc, (1.2)


lcc- , .

:

=320000/205=1561 ;

=240000/205=1171 .

L :

L =1561205=320005 ;

L =1171205=240055 .

(Li), :


Li= Li () k1k3, (1.3)


Li () i- (-1 -2).

, [ ]: L()-1 =5000 ; L()-1 =4000 ; L()-2 =20000 ; L()-2 =16000 .

i :

L-1 =50000,81=4000 ;

L-1 =40000,81=3200 ;

L-2 =200000,81=16000 ;

L-2 =160000,81=12800 .

() :


= Li/ lcc, (1.4)


:

-1 = 4000/205= 20 ;

-1 = 3200/205= 16 ;

-2 = 16000/205= 78 ;

-2 = 12800/205= 62 .

(Li), :

L-1 = 20205= 4100 ;

L-1 = 16205= 3280 ;

L-2 = 78205= 15990 ;

L-2 = 62205= 12710 .



1.2 .

1.2.1. .



. L L , , .. N=N=1 (N , . . ). , , L , -2 ( ). , ( ) ( ). , -2 -1.

-1 (N-1), -2 (N-21), (N ), (N ) :


N-1=(L/L-1)- N, (1.5)

N-2=(L/L-2)- N, (1.6)

N =L/l, (1.7)

N = (N-1+ N-2) 1,6, (1.8)


1,6 , .

-1 (N-1), -2 (N-21), (N ), (N ) :

N-1 =(320005/4100)-1=77 .; N-1 =(240055/3280)-1=72 .;

N-2=(320005/15990)-1=19 .; N-2=(240055/12710)-1=18 .;

N =320005/205=1561 .; N =240055/205=1171 .;

N=(77+19) 1,6=154 .; N=(72+18) 1,6=144 .



1.2.2.



, , N-1, N-2, N , N N-1, N-2, N , N :


N-1=(L/L-1)- N, (1.9)

N-2=(L/L-2)- N, (1.10)

N =L/L, (1.11)

N = (N-1+ N-2) 1,6, (1.12)


L , .;

N , .

:


L= lα, (1.13)


, =357;

α .

α :


α, (1.14)


- 1000 , [ ] -=0,45; -=0,43;

, : =25 .

α :

α;


α.

:

L=2053570,902=66013 ;

L=2053570,901=65940 .

N-1, N-2, N , N:

N=66013/320005=0,206; N=65940/240055=0,275;

N-2=66013/15990-0,206=4 .;

N-2=65940/12710-0,275=5 .;

N-1=66013/4100-0,206=16 .;

N-1=65940/3280-0,275=20 .;

N=66013/205=322 .;

N=65940/205=322 .;

N=(16+4)1,6=32 .;

N=(20+5)1,6=40 .



1.2.3.



(Ni), :


Ni= Ni u, (1.15)


u - , .

Ni:

N-2=954=380 ; N-2=855=425 .

1.1.


1.1

-280

-5320

N-2

380

425

805

N-1

1520

1700

3220

N

30590

27370

57960

N

3040

3400

6440



1.2.4.



, , . , . 1 2.

1 , , . 1 -1, -2 ( , , ) ( , ). , ---80 10% -1 . 2 , . 2 -2 . , 20% -2. , 1 (N-1) 2 (N-2) :


∑N-1=1,1N-1+N-2, (1.16)

∑N-2=1,2N-2, (1.17)

1,1 1,2 .

∑N-1, ∑N-2 :

∑N-1=1,11520+380=2052 ;

∑N-1=1,11700+425=2295 ;

∑N-2=1,2380=456 ;

∑N-2=1,2425=510 .



1.2.5.



( ) . :


Ni=Ni/, (1.18)


Ni :

N-2=380/357=1,06 ;

N-2=425/357=1,19 .

1.2.


1.2

-280

-5320

N-2,

1,06

1,19

2

N-1,

4,3

4,8

9

N-1,

5,7

6,4

12

N-2,

1,3

1,4

3

: 1, 2, 3, 4




2009 .